Selected Publications

  • Tyson, A., Varkkey, H. & Choiruzzad, S. A. (2018). Deconstructing the Palm Oil Industry Narrative in Indonesia. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 40 (3) (Forthcoming) (ISI-Indexed)
  • Varkkey, H., Tyson, A. & Choiruzzad, S. A. (2018). Palm Oil Intensification and Expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia: Environmental and Socio-Political Factors Influencing Policy. Forest Policy and Economics. Vol 92, July 2018, pp. 148–159 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Latif, T. et al. (2018). Impact of Regional Haze towards Air Quality in Malaysia: A Review. Atmospheric Environment. (ISI-Indexed)
  • Varkkey, H. (ed.) (2018). Local and Transboundary Haze. Kuala Lumpur: Akademi Sains Malaysia
  • Varkkey, H. (2018). Singapore s Transboundary Pollution Act 2014: Prospects and Challenges in Pollution Across Borders: Transboundary Fires, Smoke and Haze in Southeast Asia, ed. Quah, E. Singapore: World Scientific
  • Varkkey, H. (2018). The “Crime” of Haze: Politics of Land, Nature and Human Rights. In U. M. Bauer & A. Rujoiu (Eds.), Place.Labour.Capital: The Making of an Institution. Singapore: NTU CCA
  • Varkkey, H. (2017) “In three years we would have solved this”: Jokowi, ASEAN and Transboundary Haze. Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan, August 2017 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS)
  • Varkkey, H. (2017). Transboundary Haze, ASEAN and Singapore Unilateralism. Regional Journal of South East Asian Studies, 2(2), 122-129 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS)
  • Varkkey, H. (2017). 40 Years of ASEAN Environmental Governance: Enhancing ASEAN Centrality through the APT. Malaysian Journal of International Relations, 5. (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS)
  • Evers, S; Yule, CM; Padfield, R; OReilly, P; Varkkey, H 2017. Keep wetlands wet: the myth of sustainable development of tropical peatlands – implications for policies and management. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY (ISI-Indexed)
  • Wijedasa, L. S., et al. 2017. Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences. Global Change Biology. 23(3), 977-982 (ISI-Indexed)
  • Varkkey, H. (2017). Malaysia in 2016: Persistent Crises, Rapid Response and Resilience in Southeast Asian Affairs 2017, eds. Cook, M. & Singh, D., Singapore: ISEAS Publishing
  • Varkkey, H. (2017). Politics of Fires and Haze In Southeast Asia. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, ed. Thompson, W. R., New York: Oxford University Press
  • Balakrishnan, K. S. & Varkkey, H. (2017), The Straits of Malacca: Malaysia s Threat Perception and Strategy for Maritime Security, in Maritime Security in East and Southeast Asia: Political Challenges in Asian waters, ed. Tarling, N. & Chen, X., Singapore: Palgrave-Macmillan


  • Varkkey, H. Transboundary Haze and Human Security in Southeast Asia: National and Regional Perspectives. Georgetown Journal of Asian Affairs 3(1) (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS)
  • Evers, S., Yule, C., Padfield, R., O’Reilly, P. & Varkkey, H.. 2016. Keep Wetlands Wet: The Myth of Sustainable Development of Tropical Peatlands Implications for Policies and Management. Global Change Biology Helena Varkkey (ISI-Indexed)


  • Varkkey, H. 2015. The Haze Problem in Southeast Asia: Palm Oil and Patronage. Oxon: Routledge.
  • Varkkey, H. 2015. The Human Rights Dimension in the Revised RSPO Principles and Criteria (Commentary). Malaysian Journal of International Relations 3 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS)
  • Quah, E., Varkkey, H. & Ong, J. Y. 2015. SINGAPORE a Red Dot Towards a Green Economy? in The Rise of the Green Economy: A new Paradigm for the Developing World? Munchen: Oekom


  • Varkkey, H. 2014. Natural Resource Extraction and Political Dependency: Malaysia as a Rentier State. In Weiss, M. (ed). Handbook of Contemporary Malaysia, Chapter 15. Oxon: Routledge
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. Regional cooperation, patronage and the ASEAN Agreement on transboundary haze pollution. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law, and Economics. 14(1): 65-81 (ISI-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2014. Theory and Practise of International Environmental Negotiations (Commentary). Malaysian Journal of International Relations 2 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)


  • Quah, E. & Varkkey, H. The Political Economy of Transboundary Pollution: Mitigation Forest Fires and Haze in Southeast Asia. In “The Asian Community—Its Concepts and Prospects” Ed. HayashiHana Sei, pp. 323- 358, Tokyo: Soso Sha (Japanese language)
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. Patronage Politics and Natural Resources: A Historical Case Study of Malaysia and Singapore. Asian Profile 41 (SCOPUS-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. Malaysian investors in the Indonesian oil palm plantation sector: home state facilitation and transboundary haze. Asia Pacific Business Review 19 (3): 381-401 (ISI-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. Patronage politics, plantation fires and transboundary haze. Environmental Hazards 12 (ISI-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. ASEAN and its Environment. Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2013. Oil Palm Plantations and Transboundary Haze: Patronage Networks and Land Licensing in Indonesia s Peatlands. Wetlands 33: 679-690 (ISI-Cited Publication)


  • Varkkey, H. 2012. Patronage Politics and Natural Resources: A Historical Case Study of Southeast Asia and Indonesia. Asian Profile 40(5): 438-448 (SCOPUS-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2012. The growth and prospects of the oil palm plantation industry in Indonesia. Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal 12(2): 1-13 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2012. Patronage Politics as a Driver of Economic Regionalisation: The Indonesian Oil Palm Sector and Transboundary Haze. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 53 (3): 313-328 (ISI-Cited Publication)
  • Varkkey, H. 2012. The ASEAN Way and Haze Mitigation at the ASEAN Level. Journal of International Studies 8: 77- 97 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Quah, E. & Varkkey, H. 2012. Sustainable cities: doable. Singapore: Business Times. 7 June 2012


  • Varkkey, H. 2011. ASEAN as a ‘thin’ community: The case against adopting the EU Acid Rain Framework for Transboundary Haze management in Southeast Asia. Jebat: Malaysian Journal of History, Politics and Strategic Studies 38(2): 1-26 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Muhamad Varkkey, H. Addressing Transboundary haze Through Asean: Singapore’s Normative Constraints. Journal of International Studies 7: 83-101 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Muhamad Varkkey, H. 2011. Plantation land management, fires, and haze in Southeast Asia. Malaysian Journal of Environmental Management 12(2): 33-41 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)
  • Quah, E & Varkkey, H. 2011. Losing sight in the haze of fire-fighting. The Straits Times Singapore. 31 May 2011


  • Muhamad Varkkey, H, 2008. Environmental and Navigational Safety Cooperation in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore: Debating the Japanese Proposal. in The Seas Divide: Geopolitical and Maritime Issues in Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences
  • Muhamad Varkkey, H. 2008. Indonesian Perspectives on Managing the ASEAN Haze. SARJANA 24(1): 83-101 (Non-ISI/Non-SCOPUS Cited Publication)

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